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Sciences des Aliments

0240-8813
parution suspendue
An international journal of food science and technology
 

 ARTICLE VOL 22/4 - 2002  - pp.451-458  - doi:10.3166/sda.22.451-458
TITLE
Calcium, dairy products and weight control

ABSTRACT

A substantial body of evidence has emerged over the last three years to support a significant role of dietary calcium and dairy products in the regulation of energy metabolism and in modulating obesity risk. We first observed an “anti-obesity” effect of dietary calcium accidentally, during the course of a study investigating the anti-hypertensive effect of dairy products in African Americans. We noted that adding calcium-rich dairy foods (yogurt) to the daily diet resulted in significant reductions in body fat and circulating insulin (ZEMEL et al., 2000) in addition to a sustained reduction in intracellular Ca and an antihypertensive effect (ZEMEL, 1994; ZEMEL et al., 1990). This observation has now been supported by a number of epidemiological and clinical studies, as well as by recently published observations from the CARDIA study demonstrating an inverse relationship between dairy consumption and all components of the insulin resistance syndrome, including body mass index (PEREIRA et al., 2002).

AUTEUR(S)
Michael B. ZEMEL

LANGUE DE L'ARTICLE
Anglais

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