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Sciences des Aliments

0240-8813
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An international journal of food science and technology
 

 ARTICLE VOL 22/4 - 2002  - pp.355-364  - doi:10.3166/sda.22.355-364
TITLE
Myristic acid: from physiological role to atherogenous effect

ABSTRACT

It is currently accepted that the excessively high consumption of saturated fatty acids (SFAs) has an atherogenous effect and can lead to cardio-vascular diseases (CVDs), which is the highest cause of death in countries with a high standard of living. Recent recommendations made by these countries take into account all of the experimental, epidemiological and nutritional studies that for the last 15 years have been published regularly. In France, the guidelines given to the general population is (LEGRAND et al., 2001) a fat ratio of 30-35% of energy supplying foods with around 8% SFAs. In the US, the recommended levels for the general population (KRAUSS et al., 2000) are less than 30% total fats, less than 10% SFAs and less than 300 mg of cholesterol/day; for individuals at vascular risk: less than 30% total fats of which less than 7% should be SFAs, and less than 200 mg of cholesterol/day. Such nutritional measures are certainly bringing about a turnaround in disease and mortality rates from CVDs, especially in the US, but some comment is nevertheless required.

AUTEUR(S)
Henry DABADIE

LANGUE DE L'ARTICLE
Anglais

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